Injury Fact Sheets

Sports Injuries

Majorly, injuries in sports are caused by direct impacts, overuse – fatigue, or the application of force that is greater than what the body part can withstand by its structure. Basically, two kinds of sports injuries exist.

They are: chronic and acute. When an injury occurs suddenly – for instance, ankle sprain caused by an awkward landing – results in an acute injury. Chronic injuries, on the other hand, are caused due to repeated use of muscle joints or groups. Structural abnormalities and poor techniques can also lead to chronic injuries or, at least, their development.

It is of huge importance to conduct a medical investigation when any kind of sports injury comes into place because, well, an injury may be more severe than is conceived when merely looking at it. For example, what may seem only to be an ankle sprain might as well be a bone fracture. And if not treated as it should be, the matter could escalate.

Different Types Of Sports Injuries

  • Ankle Sprain – Symptoms include stiffness and swelling.
  • Concussion – This is a mild brain injury that is reversible. It results from a head blow. And it is often associated with the loss of consciousness. Symptoms may include dizziness, short term memory loss and abstruse headache.
  • Abrasions and Cuts – these are typically caused by falls. They are particularly prone to the knees and hands.
  • Dental damage – when a player gets a blow to his/her jaw, a crack in the jaw could result from that impact, and that can dislodge or break the teeth.
  • Knee joint injuries – these injuries often affect the ligaments, cartilage or tendons.
  • Stress fractures – these often occur in the lower limbs. They often result from repeated jumping or running on hard surfaces. These activities can stress a bone, weaken it and then crack it; depending on how long the activities went on.
  • Other types of injuries include hamstring strains, groin strain, nose injuries, asthma management, eye injuries, meniscus injury, shin pain, soft tissue injuries, plantar fasciitis, acromioclavicular (AC) joint injury etc.

Prevention Of Sports Injuries

As general as sports injuries are, they can be avoided or at least temporarily prevented. To prevent them from happening, a player must take note of the following:

  • Thorough warm-up by performing slow and sustained stretches around the motions of the concerned sport.
  • Footwears must be the appropriate fits for the sport. No Chelsea boots for track events.
  • Vulnerable joints should be strapped or tapped.
  • Helmets, mouth guards and other necessary safety equipment must be in use.
  • The importance of hydration cannot be overemphasised. Therefore, ensure to drink plenty of fluids before, during and after the gameplay.
  • Avoid exercising between the hours of 11 am and 3 pm. They are the hottest part of the day.
  • To ensure overall muscle strength and fitness, cross-train using other sports.
  • Train with concern for speed and impact work to ensure that muscles are ready to face a game situation’s demands.
  • Apply good technique and form.
  • Gradually increase the duration of the training and its intensity. Do not exert beyond your fitness level.
  • Lastly, there must be regular medical check-ups.